Limitations to the Duty to Accommodate
"Frustration of Contract in Employment Due to Employee Disability or Illness", as Tab 2 of The Law Society of Upper Canada's Continuing Professional Development program June 20, 2017 titled The Six Minute Employment Lawyer 2017
Contract law principles; frustration when no party to contract is at fault but the terms can no longer be fulfilled; discusses the cases in which an employee is absent and/or cannot work because of disability or illness lasting a long or unknowable amount of time; provides employers and employees with information on what tribunals have said on such matters.
"How Did We Get Here - Setting the Standard for the Duty to Accommodate" 59 University of New Brunswick Law Journal 95
Discusses the inter-connectedness of the concepts of duty to accommodate, Bona Fide Occupational Requirement and undue hardship. She argues that the duty to accommodate is part of the test for BFOR, within the process of justification required which is linked to the concept of reasonable necessity in step three of the Meiorin test. Discusses that the implication of the duty to accommodate, as established in the Meiorin test, requires considering alternative standards to the employers standard being questioned, which challenges norms and has the potential to affect substantive change.
"The Duty to Accommodate in the Canadian Workplace: Leading Principles and Recent Cases" Ontario Federation of Labour
Discusses leading principals of accommodation law. A review of the legal standard of accommodation and undue hardship. Reviews unions duties in the accommodation process and their potential liabilities. reviews Reviews case law on employees’ duty to participate in the accommodation process and under what grounds the employee can refuse the employer offered accommodation. reviews the duty to accommodate mental health and addiction disabilties and culpable vrs. non-culpable behavior. Brief discussion of perceived disability and drug testing. Reviews case law on employees privacy rights vs.
Accommodation Issues in the Workplace; on behalf of Filion Wakely Thorup Angeletti LLP (Wolters Kluwer)
Overall focus on expectations that employers should have for themselves when accommodating applicants, employees or third parties. Includes best practices, case law examples; addresses mental health and addiction; family status.
"Accommodation in the 21st Century" for the Canadian Human Rights Commission
Assesses the potential for Meorin and Grismer decisions to change the face of what accommodation of disability means in the modern workplace. Explores whether the jurisprudence in current courts and tribunals are following through with humanitarian promises.