Prima Facie Discrimination
"Under the Influence: Discrimination Under Human Rights Legislation and Section 15 of the Charter" 3 Canadian Journal of Human Rights 115
Examines the extent that Charter of Rights concepts for determining prima facia discrimination such as stereotyping, prejudice, arbitrariness apply to finding discrimination under statutory human rights codes.
"An Overview of Human Rights Jurisprudence Underpinning the Test for Prima Facie Discrimination" Council of Canadians with Disabilities
A review of the various tests of prima facia discrimination.
"Discriminating Employer Pays a Decade Later: Reinstated, Decade of Back Wages Ordered", Law of Work - Archives, Regulation of Employment (Human Rights, Employment Standards)
Summary of Ontario Human Rights Tribunal decision in Fair v Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board, 2012. Author notes the remedial order may seem surprising, but the large award for the employee is guided by the long period of time (almost 9 years) taken to litigate.
"The Supreme Court of Canada Examines the Discriminatory Nature of an Alcohol, Illegal Drugs and Medication Policy - Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corp, 2017 SCC 30"
Case Commentary on Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corp, 2017 SCC 30; importance of policy drafting and construction of dismissal letters.
"Supreme Court of Canada Confirms Termination of Disabled Employee Not a Breach of Human Rights", Hicks Morley - FTR Now
Elk Valley analysis, prima facie case of descrimination was not made out, in which an employee did not disclose his cocaine use; authors provide a succinct section of 'implications for employers', in which safety, policy, and clarity (in termination letter) is highly valued within employer and employee interactions.
"The Relationship Between Long-Term Disability Benefits and The Duty to Accommodate: The Plaintiff’s Perspective" BakerLaw
The article provides a useful canvass of the junction of long term disability insurance and human rights obligations. It points out insures duties and potential grounds of possible liability (breach of contract in the accommodation process, participation or complicity in discrimination, breach of the duty to act in good faith).
"Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corp. Summary: SCC Reaffirms Test for Discrimination but Gives a Narrow Understanding of Addiction", BakerLaw - Articles
Summary of Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corp, 2017 SCC 30; criticism of the court's treatment and limited analysis of drug addiction in legal reasoning.
"Ending Mandatory Retirement: Reassessment", 35 Windsor Rev Legal & Social Issues 22 (Special Topic: Aging)
Review of recent legislated changes on mandatory retirement in Canada; advocates a holistic approach to regulation of a worker's older age in order to best promote the right to age equality for senior workers, balancing this with the rights of employers and society overall.